not so much…as…和not……as much as

本人在《as much as用法精讲》2019.26今日头条一文里,却没有讲这结构关于“与其…不如…”的用法,现在给予论述:

I lay down not so much to sleep as to think.(not so much…as…与其说…倒不如说…)

我躺下来与其说是要睡觉,倒不如说是要思考。

I didn’t lie down so much to sleep as to think.

lay down 首先肯定了这个谓语动词的动作已经发生,然后接不定式作目的状语,I lay down to sleep. 句子到此为止,也就很完整了。但是,作者意犹未尽,并不想着立马睡觉,而是去思考一些问题。因此,“比较结构”来了:否定“睡觉”,肯定“思考问题”。因此用了这个句式:not so much…as…。

“not so much…as… 与其说…倒不如说…”。其实,这就是一种比较关系:否定了前者,肯定了后者。即:“前者不如后者”。

I don’t like English so much as maths. (否定句可以用so 代替as)

not so much…as和not so much as …结构,not so much…as=not so much as …,其中as可换用but rather,可译为:与其说是……毋须说是……。而not so much as=without(not)even,可译为甚至……还没有。

下面这道经典试题:

The oceans do not so much divide the world _______unite it.

A. as B. that C. but D. like

正确答案:A

答案解析:实际上这句话摘自《汉英大词典》,这就是看词典的好处。

本题考查固定句型:not so much…as…,这个句型用以肯定as后面的内容,而在一定程度上否定as前面的内容,表示“与其说…还不如说…”,“更多的是…而不是…”。句意:与其说世界以洋分界,不如说以洋连在一起。也可以说:

Oceans unite the world rather than divide it.与其说海洋分隔了世界,倒不如说海洋联结了世界各国。

not so much…..as “与其说…不如说….” 其含义相当于rather than;它可以连接词与词,短语与短语以及句子与句子。

He is not so much a journalist as a writer.与其说他是个新闻工作者,不如说他是个作家。
He is not so much a writer as a reporter.他与其说是个作家,毋宁说是个记者。

Her success was not so much by chance as by diligence.

她的成功如其说是由于机遇,不如说是由于勤奋。

I did not really object to Will’s behaviour so much as his personality

我与其说是反感威尔的行为,不如说是讨厌他的为人。

His manner is not so much regal as professorial

他的言行举止不太像帝王,倒更像学者一些。

I don’t really think of her as a daughter so much as a very good friend

与其说我把她当作女儿,不如说把她当作好朋友。

She told me she was not so much leaving her job as it was leaving her.

她告诉我,与其说是她辞了工作,不如说是工作辞了她。

A good birth depends not so much on who you are but where you are and how much you know.

好的出身与其说是取决于你的身份,还不如说是取决于你的生活环境和知识水平。以上5例摘自《柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典》

His latest play is not so much a farce as a burlesque tragedy. 他最近的一个剧本与其说是一个滑稽剧,不如说是一个滑稽的悲剧。

I don’t so much dislike him as hate him.

与其说我不喜欢他,倒不如说我憎恨他。

I don’t so much dislike him as feel sorry for him.

与其说我厌恶他,不如说我为他遗憾。

The greatest use of a school education is not so much to teach you things as to teach you the art of learning.学校教育的巨大作用与其说是教你知识,不如说是教你学习的方法。

当连接句子时,not so much...as...连接的往往是because或that引起的从句,意思是”倒不是因为……而是因为……”。as后的that有时可省去。例如:
You feel lost,sick at heart before such unmasked hatred,not so much because it threatens you as because it shows humans in such an inhuman light.

面对这毫不掩饰的仇恨,你感到不知所措,惶恐不安,这倒不是因为它威胁了你,而是因为它显示了人类居然如此没有人性。
It’s not so much that the machine is out of order as(that)I have not learned to operate it.倒不是机器出了故障,而是我还没有学会操作。
该并列连词中的as可用but(rather)替换,即出现该连词的一种变体:not so much...but(rather)...。例如:
It is not so much the actual population of the world but its rate of increase which is important.重要的与其说是实际的世界人口总数,倒不如说是世界人口增长率。

A good birth depends not so much on who you are but where you are and how much you know.

好的出身与其说是取决于你的身份,还不如说是取决于你的生活环境和知识水平。

《柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典》

另外,注意这种结构里的so完全可以换成as,如:

I sometimes think that I didn’t leave the Republican Party as much as it left me.(希拉里《亲历历史》)我有时候会想,与其说是我离开了共和党,倒不如说是共和党离开了我。

试比较:

She told me she was not so much leaving her job as it was leaving her.

她告诉我,与其说是她辞了工作,不如说是工作辞了她。

《柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典》

还说明,not so much…as…和not……as much as用于“与其……不如”用法时,两种结构都是可以通用的。

考试真题再现:

Community isn’t so much a place as it is a state of mind .

与其说社区是一个地方,不如说是一种精神状态。

原创文章,作者:buffalo106,如若转载,请注明出处:http://www.buffalotone.com/?p=1122

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