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初中英语动词16讲

初中英语300动词,今天给大家分享动词—— tell & talk


首先讲解 tell 的用法:
tells(三单)- telling(现在分词)- told(过去式)- told(过去分词)

tell 表示“告诉,讲述”
tell a story / tell stories 讲故事
tell a lie / tell lies 撒谎
tell a joke / tell jokes 讲笑话
1、tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某事
也可以用 tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人(关于)某事
He told me the news.
He told the news to me.
He told me about the news.
他告诉我这个消息。
2、tell sb. to do sth. 告诉/让某人做某事
Mom told me to take out the rubbish.
妈妈让我把垃圾倒了。
tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉某人不要做某事
I told him not to be late for school.
我告诉他上学不要迟到。
The teacher told us not to eat in class.
老师告诉我们上课不能吃东西。

3、tell sb. + 宾语从句, 告诉某人….
She tells me (that) Mr. Smith will be our new English teacher.
她告诉我斯密斯先生将会是我们的新英语老师。
Did he tell you whether he would join the chess club?
他有没有告诉你他是否会加入象棋俱乐部?
tell sb. + 特殊疑问词+ to do 告诉某人…
He told me how to do it.
他跟我说过如何做。
My father always tells me how to make decisions.
爸爸经常告诉我如何做决定。
4、tell 还可以表示“区分,辨别”
常构成短语:
tell the difference between… 辨别…(之间)的不同
I can’t tell the difference between the twin sisters.
我不能区分出这两个双胞胎姐妹的不同。
Some children can’t tell the difference between letter b and d in writing.
一些孩子在书写时不能区分 b 与 d。
tell sth. from… 把…和…区别开
It is difficult to tell Jim from his twin brother.
很难把Jim和他双胞胎哥哥区别开。

今天我们分享的第二个动词是—— talk
talks(三单)- talking(现在分词)- talked(过去式)- talked(过去分词)

talk 表示“谈论,讨论,交谈”
At night, Jenny always talks on the phone.
晚上Jenny总是在打电话。
Stop talking now! 现在别说话了。
1、talk to/with sb. 跟谁说话/讲话/谈话
Look, he is talking to/with Mr. Wang.
瞧,他正在和王先生说话。
You can talk to/with your parents about anything.
你可以和父母说/交谈任何事情。
I really don’t want to talk to him again.
我真的不想再跟他说话了。
2、talk about… 谈论/说到…
What are you talking about?
你们在谈/说什么呢?
We are talking about our new boss.
我们正在谈论我们的新老板。
My teacher is talking to my mom about my study.
老师正在和我妈妈谈论/交流我的学习情况。
3、talk back 顶嘴,回嘴
Teenagers are used to talking back to their parents.
青少年习惯跟父母顶嘴。
“ It’s none of your business”, he talked back.
“这不关你的事”,他顶嘴道。

talk 还可以作名词,表示“谈话,报告,演讲”
have a talk (to/with sb.) 和某人谈一谈
give a talk 做报告/演讲

原创文章,作者:buffalo106,如若转载,请注明出处:http://www.buffalotone.com/?p=1621

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