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英语经典句型180精讲之No.1:there be句型

There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语

什么时间什么地点有什么……

1.There be… 有……句型“There be…”是表示某事物存在与否的句型,句中的“there”只起到引导的作用,句子的真正主语是谓语动词“be”后面的单数可数名词或者复数可数名词。“be”的情况视主语而定。谓语与最邻近的主语保持一致。there是引导词,在句中不充当任何成分,翻译时也不必译出。

Are there some countries that have been able to tackle these problems successfully?

有没有哪些国家已经能成功解决这些问题了?

《柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典》

There will be a new hospital nearby, won’t there?附近要建一家新医院,是吗?

There’s a boat in the river.

河里有条船。

There is a boy, a girl and two women in the house. 房子里有一个男孩,一个女孩和两个妇女。(邻近规则)

2.邻近规则:若 there be 后面是两个或多个并列的名词,动词be的形式则与靠得最近的那个名词的数一致,如:
There is a pen, two books and many pencils on the desk. 桌上有一支钢笔、两本书和好些铅笔。
There are two bottles and an ashtray on the shelf. 架子上有两个瓶子和一个烟灰缸。

There is a time and a place for everything .任何事物都有存在的时间和空间。

There was a street fair and an old-fashioned brass band .正好有一场街头游乐会,还有一支老式铜管乐队在演奏。

There are ten students and a teacher in the office. 办公室里有十个学生和一个教师。

There has been nothing in the newspaper about the accident.关于这起交通事故,报纸还没有做任何报道。
There will be snow on high ground.高地上将会下雪。

  1. there be句型的各种时态
    (1)there be句型可以用动词be的各种时态,即一般现在时、一般过去时、将来时和完成时。该句型的时态有多种,需根据相应的句子时态变换be动词:There is/are… there was/were… there will be/be going to… there has been/have been… there had been…

There has been nothing in the newspaper about the accident.关于这起交通事故,报纸还没有做任何报道。
There will be snow on high ground.高地上将会下雪。
There is no harm in trying.不妨一试。
There were fabulous wildflowers in the hills last spring.去年春天,山中有极美的野花。
(2)there be句型可以和各种助动词、情态动词连用,如there may be, there might be,there can be。
There might be rain later.也许晚点会有雨。
There must be some mistake.那一定有些错误。

该句型还可以使用各种情态动词以及含有情态意义的动词或动词短语,此时,该句型多表示“必然”“可能”“预见”“过去曾存在’’等含义,

具体如:

1)、There must be…肯定有……

2)、There may/might be…可能有……

3)、There can’t be…不可能有……

4)、There used to be…曾经有……

5)、There ought to/should be…应该有……

6)、Theremust have been…一定已经有过……(表推测)

7)、There may have been…可能已经有过……(表推测)

8、There appear/seem to be…似乎有……

9)、There be likely to be…可能有……

10)、There happen to be…碰巧有……

(3)there be句型也可和下面这些的谓语动词连用,如be going to 、seem to 、appear to 、used to、be likely to 、happen to ….
There seem to be a few trees between me and the green. 在我与草坪之间好像有一些树。
There is gong to be a meeting tonight.今天晚上有个会议。
There is likely to be a storm.可能有一场暴雨。
There happened to be a bus nearby.碰巧附近有辆公交车。
There appears to have been a nasty accident.似乎发生了一起严重事故

No matter where you go in life or how old you get, there’s always something new to learn about. After all, life is full of surprises.

不管你生活在哪里,你有多少岁,总有新东西要学习,毕竟,生活总是充满惊喜。

Suddenly there was a loud bang.

突然发出砰的一声巨响。

There has been no rain for several month.

——It is terrible. The crop does not grow well in this area.

——这儿已经有几个月不下雨了。——太可怕了,这个地区的庄稼长得不好。

Has there been an accident?

出过事故吗?

  1. there be 句型反意疑问句的构成:

be (not) there? 如:

There is some milk in the bottle, __?

A.isn’t there

B.aren’t there

C.isn’t it

D.are there

答案:A

5.There is/are sb. doing sth.

there be句型用来说明不确定的宾语过去和现在的情况。如:
There’s a man standing in the garden.花园里站着个男人。
There was somebody looking at her.有个人正看着她。

There are two people waiting outside.

有两个人正在外面等候。

There is a man sitting on the fence. 有个人正坐在篱笆上。

There are two people sitting on a boat and throwing rubbish into the lake.

有两个人坐在船上往湖里扔垃圾。

There is a boiling hot pot containing various elements(ingredients) of multi-culture.

有一个煮沸的火锅,里面含有多种文化元素(成分)。

There are many people sitting in front of their computers and communicating with each other through the Internet.

有许多人坐在电脑前,通过互联网互相交流。

There are two disabled(crippled) men running forward together.

有两个残废的人一起向前跑。

There are two people playing soccer on a court.

有两个人在球场上踢足球。

There is a striker going to shoot at the goal defended by a goalkeeper on a football field.

在足球场上,有一个前锋要向守门员防守的球门射门。

6.对数量提问:一般有两种提问方式:
如果主语是可数名词,无论是单数还是复数,都用“How many +可数名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?”表示:
There are twelve months in a year. 一年有12个月。
→How many months are there in a year?一年有多少个月?

There is only one book in my bag. 我的书包里仅有一本书。
→ How many books are there in your bag?你的书包里有多少数?
There is a cat in the box. 有一只猫在盒子里。
→ How many cats are there in the box?盒子里有多少只猫?
如果主语是不可数名词,则用“ How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?”表示:
There is some money in my purse.我的钱包里有一些钱。

→ How much money is there in your purse?你的钱包里有多少钱?

There be 句型的否定句有两种构成方式,

一种是将否定副词not放在be 之后,如:

(1)There isn’t a box in the room.房间里没有盒子。

(2)There aren’t any pens on the desk.课桌上没有钢笔。

(3)There hasn’t been any rain for a week.一周没下雨了。

(4)There won’t be a meeting today.今天没有会议。

另一种是在主语前加上不定代词no , 如:

(1)There is no water in the bottle.瓶子里没有水。

(2)There are no pictures on the wall.墙上没有图画。

(3)There will be no one at home tomorrow morning.明天上午不会有人在家。

(4)There might be no money left。或许没有剩下什么钱。

几个变种句型:

7.there be 句型用的其他动词:

there be 句型中有时不用动词be ,而用come , live ,stand , lie,seem to be , happen to be ,等。如:

There __ a knife and a forkon the table.

A. seems to be

B. seem to be

C. is seeming to be

D. are

剖析:根据就近原则,首先排除B、D,而 there be 句型中有时不用动词be ,而用come , live ,stand , lie,seem to be等,所以答案应从A、C中选。感官动词一般不用进行时,故C也不正确。答案为A.

There came a scent of lime-blossom.飘来一阵菩提树的花香。

Once upon a time there lived a king in China.从前中国有一个国王。

这些不及物动词可以是表示存在状态的不及物动词(stand,live,lie,exist,remain等),

或涉及形象描述某事发生或某人某物到达、运动的不及物动词(come,appear,rise,enter,follow等)。

There stand/lie/exist/remain/come+主语。

As she turned around,there stood Gladys·

她刚一转过身去,就看到格拉迪斯站在那里。

Long long ago,there lived a poor family near the sea·

很久很久以前,海边住着一个贫穷的家庭。

There remains nothing more to be done.

没别的事情可做了。

There exist different opinions on this question.

关于这个问题,存在不同的观点。

There entered a handsome boy.一个英俊的男孩走了进来。

另外根据句型中名词的不同,此句型主要还有以下几种固定用法:

1)、There is no use(in)+doing.做……毫无用处

2)、There is no good(in)+doing.做…毫无好处,没用

3)、There is no harm(in)+doing.做……没有坏处

4)、There is no point(in)+doing.做……没有意义,没用

5)、There is no sense(in)+doing.做……毫无道理

6)、There is no use/good/sense+(in)doing sth.做……没有用/好处/意义

7)、There is no use trying to explain.解释也毫无用处。

I don’t want there to be any misunderstanding.

我不希望有任何误解。

There seemed to be no doubt about it.

此事似乎毫无疑问。

There comes a point where you give up.

现在你该放弃了。

There remains the problem of finance.

财政问题仍然存在。

There appeared no imminent danger

眼前似乎没有危险。

《柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典》

That woman there is the boss’s wife.

那边那个女人是老板的太太。

There goes the last bus (= we’ve just missed it) .

最后一班公共汽车刚开走了。

There goes the phone (= it’s ringing) .

听,电话铃响了。

There goes my career! (= my career is ruined)

我的前程就这么给毁了!

There remains considerable doubt over when the intended high-speed rail link will becomplete

人们对于拟建的高速铁路何时能竣工仍存有很大疑问。

There’s no way we can afford to buy a house at the moment

眼下我们无论如何也买不起房子。

《柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典》

There’s no question she is the best comedienne in this country.

她无疑是该国最优秀的女喜剧演员。

《柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典》

There is no point in doing sth. 做某事没有用

(1) There is no point in regretting. 后悔没有用。

(2) There is no point in reasoning with him. 跟他说道理没有用。

There is no doing sth. 不可能……;无法……

There is no doing.不(可)能……,很难……。此句型中的doing即动名词或动名词短语,多为表示“转述’’或“认知”的动词,

如:say,know,tell,talk.变为v-ing后一般可以跟what,when引导的疑问句。

1)、There is no saying such words.

不可能讲这样的话。

2)、There is no saying what will happen.

很难说会发生什么。

3)、There is no knowing when we shall meet again.

不知何时我们能再相会。

There is no telling who will win the match. 无法断定比赛谁赢。

There is no giving you a reply before deciding it. 在决定前不可能给你答复。

  1. there be结构的非限定形式是there to be和there being,主要用来做介词或动词的宾语、主语或状语。如:
    I don’t want there to be any trouble.我不想那里有任何麻烦。
    It’s important for there to be a meeting soon.很重要的事情是,马上有个会议要参加。
    There being a bus stop near my house is a great advantage.我家旁边有个公共汽车站,很是方便。
    John was relying on there being another opportunity. 约翰相信另有机会。

There being no further business disappointed him.再也没有什么事可做令他很失望。

there being是there be的非谓语形式,用来作主语、介词宾语或状语。

there being常以独立主格形式出现,此时主要用作原因状语或条件状语。

there being还可以作介词宾语,相当于带逻辑主语的动词一ing形式。

There being an open—air concert next week excited her.

下周有个露天音乐会令她很兴奋。

There being no money,the poor family led a hard life.

由于没有钱,这个贫穷的家庭过着艰难的生活。

The crops grow well because of there being enough ram this year.

由于今年雨水充足,庄稼长势良好。

  1. .there be句型的几种特殊表达。
    (1)There be no need (for sb) to do sth。如:
    There’s no need to worry-everything will be all right.没有必要担心,一切都会好的。
    There is no need for him to come.他没有必要来。
    (2)There be no + V-ing形式。如:
    There was no knowing when he would be back.不需要知道他什么时候会来。
    Sorry. Theres no smoking in the waiting-room.对不起,在等候室没有不能吸烟。
    (3)There be no use + V-ing形式。如:
    There is no use asking her, she doesn”t know anything.问她是没有用的,她不知道任何事情。
    (4)There is no doubt about sth/There is no doubt that。如:
    There is no doubt about it.我们对它没有疑问。
    There can be no doubt that China belongs to the Third World.中国属于第三世界是毫无疑问的事实。
  2. There be+sth+不定式/有……要做

此句型中的及物动词(动词不定式)也可改成被动式to be done,意为“有……要做”。在口语中更多的是使用动词不定式的主动形式,但有时,两种形式可能表达的意思有所不同。

There is a lot of work to do/to be done.

有很多工作要做。

There are less fish to catch.

可以捕的鱼更少了。

  1. There be 句型也可以和这样一些的谓语动词连用:be going to 、seem to 、appear to 、used to、be likely to 、happen to ….

(1)There seem to be a few trees between me and the green.在我与草坪之间好像有一些树。

(2)There is going to be a meeting tonight.今天晚上有个会议。

(3)There is likely to be a storm.可能有一场暴雨。

(4)There happened to be a bus nearby.碰巧附近有辆公交车。

(5)There appears to have been a nasty accident.似乎发生了一起严重事故。

英语经典句型180精讲之No.1:there be句型

12.there be 句型与have句型的区别(1) There be 句型和have都表示“有”的含义。区别如下:There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。 如:

He has two sons.

他有两个儿子。

There are two men in the office.

办公室里有两个男人。

(2)当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,Therebe 句型与其可互换。如:

A week has seven days.

=There are seven days in a week.

一个星期有七天。

原创文章,作者:buffalo106,如若转载,请注明出处:http://www.buffalotone.com/?p=589

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