带例句的基本英语语法规则

Passive voice(被动态)
主动态和被动态的区别:

主动态:描述执行该动作的主语
被动态:焦点放在动作上时使用。执行该动作的人

并不重要。
主动: Marry cleaned the classroom.
被动:The classroom was cleaned (by Marry).

形式

示例

肯定

主语 + Tobe + 动词 – 过去分词

A rose is sent to her every day.

否定

主语 + Tobe + NOT + 动词 – 过去分词

Tom wasn’t invited to the party. Tom was

so sad.

疑问

Tobe + 主语 + 动词 – 过去分词?

Will it be done tomorrow?

有时态的被动态

主语

Tobe (变化形式)

动词 – 过去分词(PP)

一般现在时

主语

Am/ is/ are

动词 – pp

The room is cleaned every two days.

现在进行时

主语

Am/ is/ are + being

动词 – pp

The room is being cleaned now.

现在完成时

主语

Have/ has + been

动词 – pp

The room has been cleaned since Monday.

一般过去时

主语

Was/ were

动词 – pp

The room was cleaned yesterday.

过去进行时

主语

Was/ were + being

动词 – pp

The room was being cleaned this time last

week.

过去完成时

主语

Had been

动词 – pp

The room had been cleaned before he came.

一般将来时 (WILL)

主语

Will be

动词 – pp

The room will be cleaned tomorrow.

一般将来时 (BE GOING TO)

主语

Am/ is/ are + going to + BE

动词 – pp

The room is going to be cleaned on Monday.

将来进行时

主语

Will be being

动词 – pp

The room will be being cleaned at 7 pm

tonight.

将来完成时

主语

Will have been

动词 – pp

The room will have been cleaned before

midnight.

青苔动词:

Can/ could/ may/ might/ should/ must/ …

主语

Modal + be

动词 – pp

The room must be cleaned by Friday.

原创文章,作者:buffalo106,如若转载,请注明出处:http://www.buffalotone.com/?p=652

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